# How do you read the slope of a roof?

## How do you read the slope of a roof?

The slope of your roof is the ratio of vertical distance (rise) to horizontal distance (run). Just write down the measurements you found. There’s no need to simplify them. For example, if you find 4 inches of height with the tape measure at the 12 inch mark on the level, your slope is 4:12 or “4 in 12.”

### What do roof pitch numbers mean?

Roof pitch (or slope) tells you how many inches the roof rises for every 12 inches in depth. An Example of a roof pitch would be a “6/12 pitch” which means that the roof rises 6 ” for every 12″ inward towards the peak (or ridge).

What is a 4/12 roof pitch?

A roof that rises 4 inches for every 1 foot or 12 inches of run is said to have a “4 in 12” slope. The slope ratio represents a certain amount of vertical rise for every 12 inches of horizontal run. For example, a “4 in 12” slope can be expressed as the ratio of 4:12. A “6 in 12” slope is expressed as 6:12.

What is a 27 degree roof pitch?

Roof Slope in Degrees to Standard Roof Pitch Conversion Tables

Convert Roof Slope from Degrees to Rise-in-Run
25° 5.596 in 12
26° 5.853 in 12
27° 6.114 in 12
28° 6.381 in 12

## What is the most common roof pitch?

Conventional slope roofs are most common with residential roofs. This means the slope has a pitch between 4/12 and 9/12 on most homes. Roofs with a pitch exceeding 9/12 are called steep slope roofs.

### Is a 4/12 roof pitch good?

As well, a slope of 4:12 is most commonly considered the lowest slope for “standard shingle installations”. Most manufacturer and industry recommendations require, or at the very least recommend, special underlayment or other considerations on roofs between 2:12 and 4:12.

Is a 3/12 roof pitch good?

Any roofs up to 3:12 are generally considered “low slope.” In the residential arena, we see lower slope roofs as part of the home’s architectural design. Then, when you get into roofs of 3:12 or greater pitch, most other metal roofs can be used and that generally is the pitch requirement for asphalt shingles as well.

What is the steepest roof pitch you can walk on?

Common Roof Slopes Expressed in Rise/Run and Angle + Slope expressed as Grade

Common Roof Slopes Expressed in Rise/Run and Angle + Slope expressed as Grade
Roof Slope Expressed as Rise / Run in Inches Roof Slope Expressed as an Angle Walkability
3 / 121 14.04 ° Easy to walk on
4 / 12 18.43
5 / 12 22.62 °

## What’s the average roof pitch?

What are common roof pitches? For a typical roof pitch to use for a traditional house, you should start with the 4/12 pitch cited above, but anything falling in the range between 4/12 and 9/12 is pretty common. If your pitch is lower, you will see it sporting a slight angle, hence the term low-slope roofs for them.

### Is there a minimum roof pitch?

The smallest pitch of a roof is 1/4:12, which translates to 1/4 inch rise to 12 inches of run. Such a small pitch can only work with built-up roofing or specialized synthetic roofing.

How do you measure the pitch of a roof?

Climb up on your roof. Place the end of your level (the 0″ inch point of your 12″ marking) against the roof surface. Hold the level straight and level (bubble centered) and then measure the vertical distance down from the your 12” mark on the level down to the roof.

How do you calculate the slope of a roof?

If you’re using a 2 ft (0.61 m) level, divide the distance between the level and the roof by 2 to get the true pitch. A 14 in (36 cm) difference, for example, indicates a pitch of 7 in (18 cm). The terms “pitch” and “slope” are sometimes used interchangeably when describing roofing projects.

## What kind of roofing should I use for 2.5 pitch?

Clay or cement tiles can be used on a wide range of roof pitches. For pitches of 2.5/12 up to 4/12, the roof requires double underlayment. Slopes above 19/12 are not recommended, since tiles on very steep roofs can rattle.

### Do you use slope or pitch for roof?

Most people use it to mean the steepness of the roof. Some carpenters consider it more correct to use the term “slope” for the steepness, and use “pitch” to describe the roof’s overall dimensions. This article teaches you how to measure both, and keeps the two terms distinct to avoid confusion. Access a rafter.