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How does the Apollo lunar module work?

How does the Apollo lunar module work?

The Lunar Module (LM) was used for descent to the lunar surface and served as a base while the astronauts were on the Moon. A separate ascent stage, comprising the top portion of the Lunar Module, lifted the astronauts from the Moon’s surface to rendezvous and dock with the command module, orbiting the Moon.

How the NASA docking system works?

Classroom Activity. The space shuttle docks and undocks with the International Space Station with the help of the space shuttle’s orbital docking system. This system uses both torsional and compression springs to damp out the energy as these two vehicles essentially collide in space.

How did the Apollo missions work?

The first two stages used up their fuel reaching orbit. The third stage was used to push the Apollo Command Module and Lunar Module to the moon. Once the spacecraft reached the moon, the two modules separated from each other. Two astronauts in the Lunar Module landed on the lunar surface.

How did the Apollo capsule dock with the LEM?

The Lunar Module (LM or “Lem”) was carried in a compartment behind the command and service modules. Having left Earth, Apollo performed a mid-flight turn to dock with the Lunar Module, which was carried into space behind the Command Module, before turning again and heading for the Moon.

Is the American flag still on the moon?

Current status. Since the nylon flag was purchased from a government catalog, it was not designed to handle the harsh conditions of space. A review of photographs taken by the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) indicates that flags placed during the Apollo 12, 16, and 17 missions were still standing as of 2012.

Who is the first person to walk in the moon?

Neil Armstrong
On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong became the first human to step on the moon. He and Aldrin walked around for three hours. They did experiments.

How does the docking system work?

Docking specifically refers to joining of two separate free-flying space vehicles. Berthing refers to mating operations where a passive module/vehicle is placed into the mating interface of another space vehicle by using a robotic arm.

What is the difference between berthing and docking?

Docking is the mooring of a ship to a pier, quay or similar fixture, while berthing is the mooring of a ship within an allotted space at that pier, quay or similar fixture. Think of a dock as an entire parking lot, with a berth being an individual parking space within that parking lot.

What did Apollo 13 dock with?

Apollo 13 has been propelled towards the Moon through the Translunar Injection burn of the S-IVB stage. They are to separate the Command Service Module from the spent Saturn V booster, turn around and dock with the Lunar Module Aquarius still nestled on top of the S-IVB.

How did Apollo 11 leave the Moon?

After being sent to the Moon by the Saturn V’s third stage, the astronauts separated the spacecraft from it and traveled for three days until they entered lunar orbit….Apollo 11.

Spacecraft properties
Orbital departure July 22, 1969, 04:55:42 UTC
Orbits 30
Lunar lander
Spacecraft component Apollo Lunar Module

How did the two Apollo spacecraft stick together?

As the tip of the probe went into a hole in the conical drogue on the LM, a pneumatic system actuated by nitrogen gas moved the latches from their cocked into the locked position. This in turn activated a probe retract system that drew the two vehicles together.

How did the Lunar Module dock with the rest of Apollo 11?

This sequence is called the transposition, docking, and extraction maneuver. The S-IVB and spacecraft then go their separate ways and the docked CSM/LM coasts to the moon, over a flight of about 3 days.

How did the Apollo 2 land on the Moon?

He maneuvered the CM to bring its docking mechanism against the docking ring on the lunar module then manually retracted the docking probe. This forced the docking latches to engage and pull the two spacecraft together.

What did the Apollo Command and service modules contain?

The SM had six sections inside, which contained a propulsion system, tanks for fuel and oxidizer material, helium tanks used to pressurize the fuel system, fuel cells and tanks of oxygen and hydrogen. The fuel cells provided the power for most of the crew’s needs during the mission, but both the SM and CM also carried batteries to supplement power.