# What causes the Alabama paradox?

## What causes the Alabama paradox?

History. The Alabama paradox was discovered in 1880, when census calculations found that if the total number of seats in the House of Representatives were hypothetically increased, this would decrease Alabama’s seats from 8 to 7. Second, each state receives as many seats as the whole number portion of its fair share.

## What method of apportionment if we want the Alabama paradox to occur?

Apportionment is the dividing, or portioning out, of voting seats to each state being represented based on population. Over time, paradoxes were found in the number of seats each state received under special circumstances. To evaluate these paradoxes, we’ll use the Hamilton method of apportionment.

## What are quota violations?

If at any time an allocation gives a party a greater or lesser number of seats than the upper or lower quota, that allocation (and by extension, the method used to allocate it) is said to be in violation of the quota rule.

## How do you find quotas?

The first step in finding a state’s quota is to determine the standard divisor (SD). This is calculated with the formula: total population / number of seats available. The SD is then used to calculate the standard quota (SQ) with the formula state population / SD.

## How does the Alabama paradox affect the state?

Okay, now that we have a scenario to work with, we can fully examine the three paradoxes that can affect them. The Alabama Paradox states that increasing the total number of available voting seats causes a state to lose seats overall.

## What is the paradox of a new state?

The New State Paradox states that adding a new entity to the population as well as a fair number of additional seats to accommodate the new entity can still impact the existing entities’ numbers.

## Which is the first example of the apportionment paradox?

The Alabama paradox was the first of the apportionment paradoxes to be discovered. The US House of Representatives is constitutionally required to allocate seats based on population counts, which are required every 10 years. The size of the House is set by statute.

## Which is an example of the population paradox?

Population paradox. Some of the earlier Congressional apportionment methods, such as Hamilton, could exhibit the population paradox. In 1900, Virginia lost a seat to Maine, even though Virginia’s population was growing more rapidly. However, divisor methods such as the current method do not.