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What is a restricted code?

What is a restricted code?

a style of language use associated with informal situations, characterized by linguistic predictability and by its dependence on the external context and on the shared knowledge and experience of the participants for conveying meaning. Compare code (def. 11b), elaborated code.

What is the elaborated code?

a style of language use associated with formal situations and characterized by explicitness, lack of dependence on the external context, syntactic complexity, and individuality of expression.

What is elaborated code in sociolinguistics?

The elaborated code was said to be used in relatively formal, educated situations, permitting people to be reasonably creative in their expression and to use a range of linguistic alternatives. …

What is the code theory in sociology?

In the first volume of Class, codes and control (1973a), Bernstein’s sociolinguistic code theory was developed into a social theory examining the relationships between social class, family and the reproduction of meaning systems (code refers to the principles regulating meaning systems).

What does abstract language mean?

Abstract language is the ability to gain meaning from things that are not said, or from things that are said in a different way. There are many ways to refer to “abstract language:” inferential/figurative/implicit/non-literal language all include the same higher order thinking.

What are characteristics of language?

Language can have scores of characteristics but the following are the most important ones: language is arbitrary, productive, creative, systematic, vocalic, social, non-instinctive and conventional. These characteristics of language set human language apart from animal communication.

When to use the elaborated and restricted code?

The elaborated code was said to be used in relatively formal, educated situations, permitting people to be reasonably creative in their expression and to use a range of linguistic alternatives. It was thought to be characterized by a fairly high proportion of such features as subordinate clauses, adjectives, the pronoun I and passives.

Where can you find an elaborated language code?

Restricted codes can be found among friends and families and other intimately knit groups. Conversely, according to Atherton (2002), “the elaborated code spells everything out, not because it is better, but because it is necessary so that everyone can understand it.

How are elaborated and restricted codes related to social structure?

Elaborated and Restricted Codes: Their Social Origins and Some Consequences BASIL BERNSTEIN University of London INTRODUCTION T HIS paper represents an attempt to discuss some aspects of the interrela- tionships between social structure, forms of speech, and the subsequent regu- lation of behavior.

What was the role of restricted codes in education?

The attempt to correlate these codes with certain types of social class background, and their role in educational settings (such as whether children who are used to restricted code would succeed in schools where elaborated code is the norm) brought the theory considerable publicity and controversy. See SOCIOLINGUISTICS.