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What is Bernstein code theory?

What is Bernstein code theory?

Bernstein suggests a correlation between social class and the use of either elaborated or restricted code. He argues that in the working class you are likely to find the use of the restricted code, whereas in the middle class you find the use of both the restricted and elaborated codes.

Is Basil Bernstein a Marxist?

While his work on pedagogic discourse and practice clearly did link the two, Bernstein never moved out of a Durkheimian position; rather, he incorporated the neo-Marxist and Weberian categories of class and power relations into his overall theory.

What is Bernstein’s theory of pedagogic discourse?

Bernstein defines pedagogic discourse as: “a principle for appropriating other discourses and bringing them into special relation with each other for the purposes of their selective transmission and acquisition” (Bernstein, 1990, p.

What does elaborate code mean?

a style of language use associated with formal situations and characterized by explicitness, lack of dependence on the external context, syntactic complexity, and individuality of expression.

Who uses elaborated code?

This is the code used in education, by teachers and in textbooks and examination papers. As such, this gives middle-class pupils an advantage.

What is classification Bernstein?

Bernstein provides a language for the description of pedagogic discourse through the concepts of classification and framing. Classification is about relations between, and the degree of maintenance between categories, and these include the boundaries between agents, spaces and discourses.

What are language codes Bernstein?

The construct of elaborated and restricted language codes was introduced by Basil Bernstein in 1971, as a way of accounting for the relatively poor performance of working-class pupils on language-based subjects, when they were achieving as well as their middle-class counterparts on mathematical topics.

What is a pedagogical day?

Pedagogical days are important. A certain number must be held each year in keeping with teachers’ work contracts and sound education policy. These professional development days provide teachers with opportunities to burnish their skills, keep up with the trends in education and spend time honing their lesson plans.

What does pedagogical discourse mean?

A pedagogic discourse involves the operation of a set of principles by which persons are apprenticed into ways of working valued in a culture. The termpedagogic discourse is taken from Bernstein (1990), although adapted to accommodate a linguistic description.

What are restricted codes?

a style of language use associated with informal situations, characterized by linguistic predictability and by its dependence on the external context and on the shared knowledge and experience of the participants for conveying meaning. Compare code (def. 11b), elaborated code.

How did Basil Bernstein develop his social theory?

In the first volume of Class, codes and control(1973a), Bernstein’s sociolinguistic code theory was developed into a social theory examining the relationships between social class, family and the reproduction of meaning systems (code refers to the principles regulating meaning systems).

What was Basil Bernstein’s theory of language code?

Theory of language code. Bernstein made a significant contribution to the study of communication with his sociolinguistic theory of language codes, which was developed to explain inequalities based on social class as found in language use. The theory holds that there are elaborated and restricted codes within the broader category of language codes.

Why was Basil Bernstein awarded an honorary degree?

In June 1983, Bernstein was awarded an honorary degree by the Open University as Doctor of the University. Bernstein made a significant contribution to the study of communication with his sociolinguistic theory of language codes. Within the broader category of language codes are elaborated and restricted codes.

How does Bernstein’s theory relate to everyday speech?

Littlejohn (2002) suggests that Bernstein’s theory shows how the language people use in everyday conversation both reflects and shapes the assumptions of a certain social group. Furthermore, relationships established within the social group affect the way that group uses language, and the type of speech that is used.

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