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What is the monopoly price and quantity?

What is the monopoly price and quantity?

In competition, the price is equal to marginal cost (P = MC), as in Figure 3.14. The competitive price and quantity are Pc and Qc. The monopoly price and quantity are found where marginal revenue equals marginal cost (MR = MC): PM and QM.

What is marginal cost in monopoly?

Similarly, marginal cost is the additional cost the firm incurs from producing and selling one more (or a few more) units of output. This monopoly faces a typical U-shaped average cost curve and upward-sloping marginal cost curve, as shown in Figure 3.

What is a single price monopoly?

A single-price monopoly is a firm that must sell each unit of its output for the same price to all its customers. DeBeers sell diamonds (quality given) at a single price. Price Discrimination. A price-discriminating monopoly is a firm that is able to sell different units of a good or service for different prices.

What are the benefits and costs of monopoly?

Firms benefit from monopoly power because: They can charge higher prices and make more profit than in a competitive market. The can benefit from economies of scale – by increasing size they can experience lower average costs – important for industries with high fixed costs and scope for specialisation.

What is an example of a monopoly?

A monopoly is a firm who is the sole seller of its product, and where there are no close substitutes. An unregulated monopoly has market power and can influence prices. Examples: Microsoft and Windows, DeBeers and diamonds, your local natural gas company.

Is a monopoly a price taker?

Pricing Power As in a monopoly, firms in monopolistic competition are price setters or makers, rather than price takers.

What is social cost of monopoly power?

The result of having a monopolistic market as opposed to a competitive market is restricted output and a higher price. Monopoly creates a social cost, called a deadweight loss, because some consumers who would be willing to pay for the product up to its marginal cost (MC), are not served.

How do you calculate monopoly price?

Determine marginal cost by taking the derivative of total cost with respect to quantity. Set marginal revenue equal to marginal cost and solve for q. Substituting 2,000 for q in the demand equation enables you to determine price. Thus, the profit-maximizing quantity is 2,000 units and the price is $40 per unit.

How a monopoly choose price and output?

The monopolist will select the profit-maximizing level of output where MR = MC, and then charge the price for that quantity of output as determined by the market demand curve. If that price is above average cost, the monopolist earns positive profits.

What is the disadvantages of monopoly?

The disadvantages of monopoly to the consumer Charging a higher price than in a more competitive market. Reducing consumer surplus and economic welfare. Restricting choice for consumers. Reducing consumer sovereignty.

How to calculate the cost of a monopoly?

The cost of monopoly that is borne by consumers is illustrated in Figure . The firm’s marginal cost curve is drawn as a horizontal line at the market price of $5. In a perfectly competitive market, the firm’s marginal revenue curve is also equal to the market price of $5. Therefore, total output in a perfectly competitive market will be 5 units.

Is the high price of monopoly very desirable?

From the standpoint of the owners of the firm, the high price makes monopoly very desirable. Is it possible that the benefits to the firm’s owners exceed the costs imposed on consumers, making monopoly. Desirable from the standpoint of society as a whole?

How is the behavior of a monopolist costly to consumers?

The monopolist’s behavior is costly to the consumers who demand the monopolist’s output. The cost of monopoly that is borne by consumers is illustrated in Figure . The firm’s marginal cost curve is drawn as a horizontal line at the market price of $5.

Is the monopoly a good way to organize a market?

Is monopoly a good way to organize a market?·We have seen that a monopoly, in contrast to a competitive firm, charges a price above marginal cost. From the stans point of consumers, this high price makes monopoly undesirable. At the same time, however, the monopoly is earning profit from charging this high price.