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What is triangulation in a qualitative research?

What is triangulation in a qualitative research?

Triangulation refers to the use of multiple methods or data sources in qualitative research to develop a comprehensive understanding of phenomena (Patton, 1999). Triangulation also has been viewed as a qualitative research strategy to test validity through the convergence of information from different sources.

What is triangulation in qualitative research examples?

There are four common forms of triangulation: (1) data triangulation means that the ethnographer uses a variety of data sources for the study, for example, a range of different informants; (2) method triangulation means the use of multiple methods in the same project (Janesick, 1998), for example, interviews and …

What is triangulation of methods?

Triangulation is a method used to increase the credibility and validity of research findings. 2 Triangulation, by combining theories, methods or observers in a research study, can help ensure that fundamental biases arising from the use of a single method or a single observer are overcome.

What is triangulation and why is it important?

Triangulation facilitates validation of data through cross verification from more than two sources. It tests the consistency of findings obtained through different instruments and increases the chance to control, or at least assess, some of the threats or multiple causes influencing our results.

How can triangulation increase the validity of qualitative data?

Data triangulation is the use of a variety of data sources, including time, space and persons, in a study. Findings can be corroborated and any weaknesses in the data can be compensated for by the strengths of other data, thereby increasing the validity and reliability of the results.

How do you do triangulation in qualitative research?

Investigator Triangulation In order to triangulate, each different evaluator would study the program using the same qualitative method (interview, observation, case study, or focus groups). The findings from each evaluator would be compared.

Why is triangulation important in qualitative research?

In Mathison’s view, this moves “the focus on triangulation away from a technological solution for ensuring validity and places the responsibility with the researcher for the construction of plausible explanation about the phenomena being studied” (p. 17).

Do you think triangulation is a test for validity?

Some see triangulation as a method for corroborating findings and as a test for validity. This, however, is controversial. This assumes that a weakness in one method will be compensated for by another method, and that it is always possible to make sense between different accounts.

What are the different types of triangulation methods?

A single method can never adequately shed light on a phenomenon. Using multiple methods can help facilitate deeper understanding. Denzin (1978) and Patton (1999) identify four types of triangulation: Methods triangulation – checking out the consistency of findings generated by different data collection methods.

How does triangulation help explain complex human behaviour?

Triangulation is also an effort to help explore and explain complex human behaviour using a variety of methods to offer a more balanced explanation to readers. 2 It is a procedure that enables validation of data and can be used in both quantitative and qualitative studies.