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Where is marasmus most common in the world?

Where is marasmus most common in the world?

Marasmus is one of the most serious forms of protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) in the world. Marasmus is a serious problem and is most common in children in developing regions, such as Africa, Latin America, and South Asia, where poverty, along with inadequate food supplies and contaminated water, are prevalent.

What age does marasmus most commonly occur at?

Marasmus is more commonly seen in children under the age of 5 due to that age range being characterized as one that has an increase in energy need and susceptibility to viral and bacterial infections. The World Health Organization also identifies the elderly as another population that is vulnerable to malnutrition.

Why is marasmus common in children?

Nutrient deficiency is the main cause of marasmus. It occurs in children that don’t ingest enough protein, calories, carbohydrates, and other important nutrients. This is usually due to poverty and a scarcity of food. There are several types of malnutrition.

Is marasmus only found in children?

It mainly occurs in children who are weaning off breast milk, while marasmus can develop in infants. If your diet has a lot of carbohydrates and very little proteins, you may develop kwashiorkor. This is not a concern for most people living in developed countries, and only occurs in severe cases of malnutrition.

What is difference between marasmus and kwashiorkor?

Two main types of this undernutrition are marasmus and kwashiorkor….Kwashiorkor.

Marasmus symptoms Kwashiorkor symptoms
weight loss an inability to grow or gain weight
dehydration edema, or swelling of the hands and feet
stomach shrinkage stomach bulging
diarrhea

What are the symptoms of marasmus Class 7?

What are the Symptoms of Marasmus?

  • Weight loss.
  • Chronic diarrhoea.
  • Dehydration.
  • Dizziness.
  • Lack of energy.
  • Measles.
  • Respiratory infections.
  • Brittle hair and dry skin.

What is the difference between marasmus and kwashiorkor?

Children who develop kwashiorkor are often older than children who develop marasmus….Kwashiorkor.

Marasmus symptoms Kwashiorkor symptoms
weight loss an inability to grow or gain weight
dehydration edema, or swelling of the hands and feet
stomach shrinkage stomach bulging
diarrhea

What organ does marasmus affect the worst?

This can be explained by the body composition imbalance of children with marasmus in favor of high-energy–consuming organs, such as the brain and kidney, compared with energy-storage organs, such as muscle and fat.

What’s the difference between marasmus and kwashiorkor?

It’s more likely due to malnutrition over a long period. Two main types of this undernutrition are marasmus and kwashiorkor….Kwashiorkor.

Marasmus symptoms Kwashiorkor symptoms
weight loss an inability to grow or gain weight
dehydration edema, or swelling of the hands and feet
stomach shrinkage stomach bulging
diarrhea

How can marasmus be prevented?

The best way to prevent marasmus is to have an adequate intake of calories and protein, preferably from a healthful, well-balanced diet.


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