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Who were the planter elite?

Who were the planter elite?

At the top of southern white society stood the planter elite, which comprised two groups. In the Upper South, an aristocratic gentry, generation upon generation of whom had grown up with slavery, held a privileged place. In the Deep South, an elite group of slaveholders gained new wealth from cotton.

What was a planter quizlet?

planters. owned 20 or more slaves, title designated by census, was a small class, the political and elite class in the S. – 25% of white families had slaves in 1860. – 12% of slaveowners were planters (rare to have a lot of large plantations in the US) yeomen.

What did the planter class makeup of the population?

By 1860, there were six fairly distinct social classes in North Carolina. The gentry or planter class consisted of owners of large plantations with more than twenty slaves, high public officials, and well-to-do professional men, such as lawyers, doctors, and business leaders.

What did planters do?

To earn a living, planters grew some type of cash crop that could be sold for money or credit in order to buy needed tools, livestock, and household goods which could not be produced on the farm. Before the American Revolution, tobacco was the crop most Virginians grew and sold to English and Scottish merchants.

How many slaves did planters own?

Plantation owner The historians Robert Fogel and Stanley Engerman define large planters as those owning over 50 slaves, and medium planters as those owning between 16 and 50 slaves.

Where do planter classes live?

Planters were prolific throughout the European colonies of North and South America and the West Indies.

Who was considered part of the planter class?

Gentry, also known as the “planter class,” is a term associated with colonial and antebellum North Carolina and other southern states that refers to an upper middle class of wealthy gentlemen farmers who were well educated, politically astute, and generally came from successful families.

What would be your view on slavery if you were a typical planter aristocrat?

View on slavery if I was a typical: If I was a planter aristocrat, I would be strongly pro-slavery because without slaves, I would have no way to survive. If I was a non-slave-owning white, then I would be strongly pro-slavery, because there is a chance that buying more slaves would increase my social status.

Why did planters become slaves?

To replenish its labor force, planters in the Chesapeake region increasingly turned to enslaved Africans.

What do you need to know about the planter aristocracy?

What do you need to know? The planter aristocracy was a group of people who owned large plantations, full of slaves. They owned over 800 acres of land each and would have 50 or more slaves on their plantations. Their influence was huge because they had immeasurable wealth so everyone did what they said because they had the money. Rate! Rate!

What was the role of the planter class?

The planter class, known alternatively in the United States as the Southern aristocracy, was a socio-economic caste of Pan-American society that dominated seventeenth- and eighteenth-century agricultural markets through the forced labor of slaves of African origin. The Atlantic slave trade permitted planters access…

Who are the planters in the antebellum South?

Planters are often spoken of as belonging to the planter elite or planter aristocracy in the antebellum South. The historians Robert Fogel and Stanley Engerman define large planters as owning over 50 slaves and medium planters as owning between 16 and 50 slaves.

What did planters do in the Atlantic slave trade?

The Atlantic slave trade permitted planters access to inexpensive labor for the planting and harvesting of crops such as tobacco, cotton, indigo, coffee, tea, cocoa, sugar cane, sisal, oil seeds, oil palms, hemp, rubber trees, and fruits. Planters were considered part of the American gentry .