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Who were the Red Sticks and what happened at the massacre at Fort Mims?

Who were the Red Sticks and what happened at the massacre at Fort Mims?

The Fort Mims massacre took place on August 30, 1813, during the Creek War, when a force of Creek Indians belonging to the Red Sticks faction, under the command of head warriors Peter McQueen and William Weatherford (also known as Lamochattee or Red Eagle), stormed the fort and defeated the militia garrison.

What was the response to the Red Stick attack on Fort Mims?

In response, Red Sticks overwhelmed Fort Mims (located on the lower Alabama River in present-day southwestern Alabama) in late August. Upon defeating the militia garrisoned on the fortified plantation, the Red Sticks killed nearly every Creek and white settler who had sought refuge there.

How many Creek warriors were killed?

Creek War
Strength
7,000 4,000
Casualties and losses
~584 killed, unknown wounded ~1,597 killed, unknown wounded

Why was Fort Mims attacked?

On August 30, 1813, an outpost known as Fort Mims, about forty miles north of Mobile, Alabama, was attacked by the Red Sticks, the warring faction of the Creek Nation. Other Creeks wanted to curb the continued deterioration of their society.

Who attacked the creeks?

Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Jackson commanded Tennessee’s force of Indian allies, militia,…… In a campaign of about five months, in 1813–14, Jackson crushed the Creeks, the final victory coming…… … against the Creek in the Creek War, particularly in the Battle of Horseshoe Bend.

What ended the Creek War?

1813 – 1814
Creek War/Periods

How many Creeks did Andrew Jackson kill?

800 Creeks
On March 27, 1814, Jackson and his men killed 800 Creeks and captured 500 women and children in the battle at Tohopeka (also known as Horseshoe Bend), Alabama. This decisive victory made Jackson very popular. The Creeks never threatened the frontier again.