Why did Indonesia take over East Timor?
The Indonesian invasion of East Timor, known in Indonesia as Operation Lotus (Indonesian: Operasi Seroja), began on 7 December 1975 when the Indonesian military (ABRI/TNI) invaded East Timor under the pretext of anti-colonialism and anti-communism to overthrow the Fretilin regime that had emerged in 1974.
When did the liberation of East Timor begin and end?
International Force East Timor
|Date||20 September 1999 – 28 February 2000|
|Status||Conflict ended Defeat of pro-Indonesian militia Stabilisation of East Timor|
Who colonized Timor?
Portuguese Timor (Portuguese: Timor Português) refers to East Timor during the historic period when it was a Portuguese colony that existed between 1702 and 1975. During most of this period, Portugal shared the island of Timor with the Dutch East Indies….Portuguese Timor.
|Preceded by||Succeeded by|
|Pre-colonial Timor||East Timor|
Is English spoken in East Timor?
Section 13(1) of the 2002 constitution designates Portuguese and Tetum as East Timor’s two official languages. Under Indonesian rule from 1976–1999, East Timor’s official language was Indonesian; It, Along with English, currently has the status of a ‘working language’ under the present constitution.
Who was in control of East Timor during World War 2?
Colonial rule was replaced by the Japanese during World War II, whose occupation spawned a resistance movement that resulted in the deaths of 60,000 people, 13 percent of the population at the time.
When did East Timor gain independence from Indonesia?
The Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor (Fretilin) resisted a Timorese Democratic Union (UDT) coup attempt in August 1975, and unilaterally declared independence on 28 November 1975. Fearing a communist state within the Indonesian archipelago, the Indonesian military launched an invasion of East Timor in December 1975.
Who is the leader of the PLP in East Timor?
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. The People’s Liberation Party ( Tetum: Partidu Libertasaun Popular; abbreviated PLP) is a political party in East Timor. The party is led by former East Timorese president Taur Matan Ruak, who became the PLP’s leader in 2017.
Which is the political party in East Timor?
The People’s Liberation Party (Tetum: Partidu Libertasaun Popular; abbreviated PLP) is a political party in East Timor.